General Explanation of a Complete Filter System Using a Euro-fil Sump
Dave's Recommendation for Saltwater Filtration
We emphasize live rock as this is where good bacteria will live and multiply. These bacteria remove toxic ammonia and nitrites.
This is categorized as biological filtration. Two other kinds of
filtration we'll be pointing out are mechanical filtration where
debris is trapped and removed; and chemical filtration where
chemical compounds are used to clean the water.
This is the
live rock and
through the live
within the rock
break down waste
Water moves from the aquarium through the filter sock into the sump.
The filter sock traps pieces of dirt and debris. This kind of filter is categorized as a
Water moves from the filter sock into the sump. Place carbon in
the sump to keep the water clear.
filtration. Also, add live rock here for additional
moves from the sump into the protein skimmer via a small pump. (Pump not displayed in our picture.) Protein skimmers mix air and saltwater rapidly causing dissolved waste to separate from the water, creating foam which collects in the cup of the protein skimmer.
The cup must be
another form of
that there are two pumps
pictured in the sump,
#5 and #7. We
two pumps - in
case one fails.
If you are out
of town during a
one pump will
save the lives
to keep water
moving. We'll explain pump #5
(as pictured) here. This pump moves water from the sump into the spray bar.
The pump moves water from the sump into the spray bar. The spray bar is connected to multiple return lines which move water back into the aquarium.
The purpose of the spray bar is to evenly distribute water pressure into the return lines to your aquarium.
This second pump pictured
through the ultra-violet sterilizer,
then back into
sterilizers kill free-floating parasites, such as the ich parasite, dramatically reducing the spread of disease in the aquarium.
They also help to control the growth of nuisance algae.
You may use a separate pump, or connect the UV in-line with one of your return lines to create water flow through the UV.
Water enters the UV sterilizer and passes by an ultraviolet light that kills the free-floating parasites.
A chiller may be needed to keep the water temperature constant. (You may also consider a heater,
may be placed in
Water moves back into the aquarium.