- Highly-effective alkalinity-increasing (”buffer”) powdered
- Helps increase pH stability in an aquarium by raising the
alkalinity; continued addition raises pH until 8.3 is reached, at
which point the pH remains unchanged and the alkalinity
- Provides a source of carbonates, which make up the majority
by weight of aragonite, the mineral secreted by reef-building
organisms as skeletal material.
- Formulated by a marine scientist.
- Determine alkalinity in aquarium with an accurate test kit prior to supplementing. Do not add this product directly to an aquarium without first diluting in water as directed.
Alkalinity, also referred to as carbonate hardness or buffering capacity, is essentially a means of quantifying the stability of pH in a solution, such as aquarium water. In an aquarium, weak acids formed by oxygen respiration and the decomposition of organic material gradually deplete alkalinity. If left unchecked, the alkalinity drops below a critical level and pH begins to fluctuate more wildly than is normally suggested (a daily pH shift of +/-0.2 is normal in marine aquaria), causing stress to livestock. Alkalinity is also depleted by reef-building organisms during the production of aragonite (~60% carbonates by weight), and is therefore very important for their rapid growth. Maintaining the alkalinity in marine aquaria between 7 - 12 dKH (2.5 - 4.3 meq/L) will generally maintain pH within the desired range.